Background knowledge of an individual comprises of the experiences with the surrounding environment.
It also includes their personal viewpoints regarding facts like the information they read and their own conceptions about how written text’s functions.
They include print conceptions, word identification, word meaning, and text organization.
The present accumulated knowledge of the readers signifies the capability to perceive their reading.
Among many other scientific achievements by cognitive experts, the “schema theory” explains the functionality of comprehension.
The schema theory determines the process in which individuals organize and utilize their knowledge.