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An electric vehicle is a vehicle that is not powered by an internal combustion engine, but by one or more electric motors powered by batteries or fuel cells. Oddly enough, the electric car appeared before its gasoline counterpart. The first electric car, created in 1841, was a cart with an electric motor. Thanks to an underdeveloped electric motor recharging system, gasoline cars have won a tacit struggle for dominance in the automotive market. Only in the 1960s did interest in electric vehicles begin to reappear. The reason for this was the environmental problems of vehicles and the energy crisis, which provoked a sharp increase in the cost of fuel.

An electric car has a number of undeniable advantages: no exhaust gases that harm the environment and living organisms, low operating costs, high efficiency of the electric motor, high reliability, and durability, simplicity design, the possibility of recharging from a conventional socket, low explosion hazard in case of an accident, high smoothness. But do not think that electric vehicles are without drawbacks. Among the shortcomings of this type of car, one can mention the imperfection of batteries - they either work at too high temperatures, or they are too expensive due to the presence of expensive metals in them. Moreover, such batteries have a high degree of self-discharge and their recharging takes a very long time compared to charging with fuel

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